What are neutral citations?


Neutral Citations were introduced around 2001 and do not refer to any one series of law reports but are aimed at making it easier to locate judgments on the internet. The term 'neutral' is intended to show that it is independent of any published report ('media neutral'). They look as follows:

Calvert v Gardiner [2002] EWHC 1394 (QB)

This is interpreted as party (or case) names (Calvert v Gardiner), year of judgement (2002), abbreviation of the court where the case was heard (EWHC (QB) = England and Wales High Court (Queen's Bench Division)) and a unique case number (1394).

The neutral citation format does not use page numbers as internet pages do not have page numbers. Neutral citations instead use a paragraph number in square brackets as so:

Calvert v Gardiner [2002] EWHC 1394 (QB) [2]

  • Last Updated Aug 20, 2021
  • Views 77
  • Answered By Ai Gooch

FAQ Actions

Was this helpful? 1 0